Wormwood, The Destroyer, Second Sun, Nibiru – Visible In 2016

11The name of the star is called Wormwood; and a third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the waters, because they were made bitter. 12The fourth angel sounded, and a third of the sun and a third of the moon and a third of the stars were struck, so that a third of them would be darkened and the day would not shine for a third of it, and the night in the same way. 13Then I looked, and I heard an eagle flying in midheaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”1Then the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from heaven which had fallen to the earth; and the key of the bottomless pit was given to him. 2He opened the bottomless pit, and smoke went up out of the pit, like the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke of the pit.3Then out of the smoke came locusts upon the earth, and power was given them, as the scorpions of the earth have power. 4They were told not to hurt the grass of the earth, nor any green thing, nor any tree, but only the men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads

The Book Of Revelation 8:11

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17 comments

  1. Countesscarcadius

    Planet X and the origins of the shower and steady state flux of short-period comets

    Authors:
    Matese, J. J.; Whitmire, D. P.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Southwestern Louisiana, University, Lafayette, LA), AB(Southwestern Louisiana, University, Lafayette, LA)
    Publication:
    Icarus (ISSN 0019-1035), vol. 65, Jan. 1986, p. 37-50. (Icarus Homepage)
    Publication Date:
    01/1986
    Category:
    Astrophysics; Comets
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Astronomical Models, Meteoroid Showers, Planets, Orbital Elements, Oscillations, Planetary Evolution, Steady State
    Keywords:
    COMETS, SHORT-PERIOD COMETS, PLANET X, ORIGIN, FLUX, ORBITS, DYNAMICS, PERTURBATIONS, MODELS, MASS, MOTION, CELESTIAL MECHANICS, INTERACTIONS, ANALYSIS, GIANT PLANETS, GRAVITY EFFECTS, TIDAL EFFECTS, SCATTERING, INCLINATION, POSITION (LOCATION), PARAMETERS
    DOI:
    10.1016/0019-1035(86)90062-X
    Bibliographic Code:
    1986Icar…65…37M

    Abstract
    An extensive analysis of the planet X model is presented. Unlike prior analyses, it takes into account the fact that only those comets scattered directly into the zones of influence (ZOI) of Saturn and Jupiter can contribute to a shower whose duration is in agreement with observation. It is predicted that some of the comets scattered directly into ZOI of Uranus and Neptune wiwll evolve on time scales of about 100 million years into the steady state flux of short-period comets. The absolute numbers of shower and steady state comets were found to be comparable with the known terrestrial cratering rate, assuming the existence of long-lived extinct comet cores. Canonical planet X model parameters are given, and it is suggested that planet X, in its present orbit, can create the requisite density gradient of comets near perihelion and aphelion during the lifetime of the solar system. It is concluded that the existence of planet X and the comet disk can explain the origin of the steady state flux of short-period comets over a wide range of parameters.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986Icar…65…37M

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  2. Countesscarcadius

    Periodic comet showers and planet X
    Authors:
    Whitmire, D. P.; Matese, J. J.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Southwestern Louisiana, University, Lafayette, LA), AB(Southwestern Louisiana, University, Lafayette, LA)
    Publication:
    Nature (ISSN 0028-0836), vol. 313, Jan. 3, 1985, p. 36-38. (Nature Homepage)
    Publication Date:
    01/1985
    Category:
    Astronomy; Comets
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Comets, Meteoroid Showers, Planetology, Solar System, Astronomical Models, Diffusion Theory, Impact, Periodic Variations
    LPI Keywords:
    COMETS, PLANET X, ORBITS, SHORT-PERIOD COMETS, CELESTIAL MECHANICS, MOTION, ORIGIN, PERIODICITY, CRATERING, PERTURBATIONS, CALCULATIONS
    DOI:
    10.1038/313036a0
    Bibliographic Code:
    1985Natur.313…36W

    The discovery that Pluto’s mass is insufficient to explain the discrepancies in the motions of the outer planets has led to the prediction of a tenth planet (planet X) of mass about 1-5 earth masses beyond the orbit of Pluto. Further, the existence of a belt or disk of comets beyond the orbit of Neptune has been proposed in connection with some theories of the origin of the Solar System as a possible source of short-period comets and indirectly as a source of long-period comets. Here it is pointed out that the existence of both planet X and the comet disk at their expected distances may explain not only the observed planetary motions and the origin of comets, but also the recently reported 28-Myr periodicity in terrestrial cratering and in mass extinctions. The cratering period is associated with the precession of the perihelion of planet X caused by the perturbations of the outer planets.

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985Natur.313…36W

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  3. Countesscarcadius

    Periodic mass extinctions and the Planet X model reconsidered
    Authors:
    Whitmire, Daniel P.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Department of Mathematics, The University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA dpwhitmi@uark.edu)
    Publication:
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Volume 455, Issue 1, p.L114-L117 (MNRAS Homepage)
    Publication Date:
    01/2016
    Origin:
    OUP
    Astronomy Keywords:
    astrobiology, comets: general, Kuiper belt: general, Earth
    Abstract Copyright:
    2015 The Author Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
    DOI:
    10.1093/mnrasl/slv157
    Bibliographic Code:
    2016MNRAS.455L.114W

    Abstract
    The 27 Myr period in the fossil extinction record has been confirmed in modern data bases dating back 500 Myr, which is twice the time interval of the original analysis from 30 years ago. The surprising regularity of this period has been used to reject the Nemesis model. A second model based on the Sun’s vertical Galactic oscillations has been challenged on the basis of an inconsistency in period and phasing. The third astronomical model originally proposed to explain the periodicity is the Planet X model in which the period is associated with the perihelion precession of the inclined orbit of a trans-Neptunian planet. Recently, and unrelated to mass extinctions, a trans-Neptunian super-Earth planet has been proposed to explain the observation that the inner Oort cloud objects Sedna and 2012VP113 have perihelia that lie near the ecliptic plane. In this Letter, we reconsider the Planet X model in light of the confluence of the modern palaeontological and outer Solar system dynamical evidence.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MNRAS.455L.114W

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  4. Countesscarcadius

    this one!!! – ( notice it says 99 % confidence)
    Nemesis reconsidered
    Authors:
    Melott, Adrian L.; Bambach, Richard K.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA), AB(Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, PO Box 37012, MRC 121, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA)
    Publication:
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Volume 407, Issue 1, pp. L99-L102. (MNRAS Homepage)
    Publication Date:
    09/2010
    Origin:
    WILEY
    Astronomy Keywords:
    astrobiology, Oort Cloud, planets and satellites: general, binaries: general
    Abstract Copyright:
    (c) Journal compilation © 2010 RAS
    DOI:
    10.1111/j.1745-3933.2010.00913.x
    Bibliographic Code:
    2010MNRAS.407L..99M

    Abstract
    The hypothesis of a companion object (Nemesis) orbiting the Sun was motivated by the claim of a terrestrial extinction periodicity, thought to be mediated by comet showers. The orbit of a distant companion to the Sun is expected to be perturbed by the Galactic tidal field and encounters with passing stars, which will induce variation in the period. We examine the evidence for the previously proposed periodicity, using two modern, greatly improved paleontological data sets of fossil biodiversity. We find that there is a narrow peak at 27 Myr in the cross-spectrum of extinction intensity time series between these independent data sets. This periodicity extends over a time period nearly twice that for which it was originally noted. An excess of extinction events is associated with this periodicity at 99 per cent confidence. In this sense we confirm the originally noted feature in the time series for extinction. However, we find that it displays extremely regular timing for about 0.5 Gyr. The regularity of the timing compared with earlier calculations of orbital perturbation would seem to exclude the Nemesis hypothesis as a causal factor.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010MNRAS.407L..99M

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  5. Countesscarcadius

    Comet showers and Nemesis, the death star
    Authors:
    Hills, J. G.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Los Alamos Scientific Lab., NM.)
    Publication:
    Presented at the Southwest Regional Conf. for Astron. and Astrophys., Los Alamos, N. Mex., 1 May 1984
    Publication Date:
    00/1984
    Category:
    Lunar and Planetary Exploration
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Biosphere, Collisions, Comets, Companion Stars, Disasters, Earth (Planet), Nemesis (Star), Clouds, Dust, Earth Atmosphere, Extinction, Orbits, Paleontology, Periodic Variations
    Bibliographic Code:
    1984STIN…8526575H

    Abstract
    The recently proposed hypothesis that the periodic extinctions of terrestrial species are the result of comet showers catalyzed by a hypothetical distance solar companion, Nemesis, is discussed. The evidence for periodic extinction in paleontological records, effects of comet collisions, and the Nemesis orbit are addressed.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984STIN…8526575H

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  6. Countesscarcadius

    ‘ a concept called the ”Jupiter barrier” where giant planets such as Jupiter protect the Earth from cometary bombardments (e.g. [10,11]). Our study partially validates this hypothesis, showing that the planetary barrier actually works when the incoming OCNC flux is nearly planar as in the era (a). The main barrier is composed by Saturn with an aid by Jupiter, making OCNCs’ perihelia stick around Saturn’s orbit. Once the comet cloud has become isotropic as in the era (b), OCNCs come from almost any directions, and the barrier no longer works. This is just the situation in the current solar system

    —————————————————-

    Dynamical lifetime of the new Oort Cloud comets under planetary perturbations
    Authors:
    Ito, T.; Higuchi, A.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Center for Computational Astrophysics, National Astronomical Observatory, Tokyo, Japan) AB(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan)
    Publication:
    Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 2014. Proceedings of the conference held 30 June – 4 July, 2014 in Helsinki, Finland. Edited by K. Muinonen et al.
    Publication Date:
    07/2014
    Origin:
    AUTHOR
    Bibliographic Code:
    2014acm..conf..229I

    Abstract
    Nearly-isotropic comets with very long orbital period are supposed to come from the Oort Cloud. Recent observational and theoretical studies have greatly revealed the dynamical nature of this cloud and its evolutional history, but many issues are yet to be known. Our goal is to trace the dynamical evolution of the Oort Cloud new comets (OCNCs) produced by an evolving comet cloud, hopefully estimating the fraction of OCNCs embedded in the current populations of the solar system small bodies. We combine two models to follow the dynamical evolution of OCNCs beginning from their production until their ejection out of the solar system, obtaining statistics of the dynamical lifetime of OCNCs: The first model is a semi-analytical one about the OCNC production in an evolving comet cloud under the perturbation of the galactic tide and stellar encounters. The second model numerically deals with planetary perturbation over OCNCs’ dynamics in planetary region. The main results of the present study are: (1) Typical dynamical lifetime of OCNCs in our models turned out to be O(10^7) years. Once entering into the planetary region, most OCNCs stay there just for this timespan, then get ejected out of the solar system on hyperbolic orbits. (2) While average orbital inclination of OCNCs is small, the so-called ”planet barrier” works rather effectively, preventing some OCNCs from penetrating into the terrestrial planetary region.
    Models. Recently a series of detailed dynamical studies with similar scientific objects to ours are published [1-3]. Our present study is an extension of our own independent project [4], using a pair of dynamical models. The first model is for the evolving Oort Cloud that produces OCNCs along its evolution [5,6]. The model initially starts from a planar planetesimal disk, which evolves into a three- dimensional, nearly isotropic shape over a timespan of Gyr under the perturbation by the galactic tide and stellar encounters. This model is largely analytical in order to reduce the amount of computation. The second one is a numerical model for incorporating planetary perturbation from the major seven planets except Mercury, similar to the framework of our previous studies [7,8]. It receives OCNCs from the first model, and traces the orbital evolution of the comets up to 500 Myr until they get ejected out of the solar system by being scattered away. The second model does not include the galactic tide or stellar perturbation. For further reduction of computation amount, we assume that OCNCs go along their Keplerian orbits beyond r = 800 au without any perturbations. The effect of the galactic tide that OCNCs would have during this period is separately evaluated using a perturbation function that includes the galactic tide used in the first model.

    Results. We selected two different eras among the Oort Cloud history: (a) the initial 1 Gyr while the comet cloud is still nearly planar with a high OCNC production rate, and (b) the period t =4-5 Gyr when the comet cloud is almost in an isotropic shape with nearly constant supply of OCNCs. It turned out that most of the OCNCs got scattered away by the four giant planets (i.e being ejected out of the system with r > 800 au and e > 1, or aphelion distance becoming larger than Q >2 × 10^5 au) with a typical timespan of O(10^7) years in the planetary region. This timescale is roughly consistent with an analytical estimate in [9]. Also, this timescale does not strongly dependent on which era we choose, as the range of OCNC’s semimajor axis is similar to each other. To get an estimate as to which planet has the largest dynamical influence on the fate of OCNCs, we calculated the number of planetary encounters defined by OCNC’s close approaches within 500 × scatter radius of planets, r_{s} (r_{s} is a typical distance when a massless body’s orbit gets bent 90 degrees by scattering. It is proportional to (relative velocity){}^{-2}). A simple analysis shows that Jupiter and Saturn play a dominant role on scattering OCNCs away from the system.

    There has been a concept called the ”Jupiter barrier” where giant planets such as Jupiter protect the Earth from cometary bombardments (e.g. [10,11]). Our study partially validates this hypothesis, showing that the planetary barrier actually works when the incoming OCNC flux is nearly planar as in the era (a). The main barrier is composed by Saturn with an aid by Jupiter, making OCNCs’ perihelia stick around Saturn’s orbit. Once the comet cloud has become isotropic as in the era (b), OCNCs come from almost any directions, and the barrier no longer works. This is just the situation in the current solar system

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014acm..conf..229I

    THERE ARE ‘ handfuls ‘ of documents’ in Nasa, Harvard, Smithsonian databases, discussing’ the’ METEORS’ ASTEROIDS, AND COMETS’ perturbed’ BY THE’ celestial object’

    IT’S not ‘ THE OBJECT ITSELF’ we need to worry about, BUT WHAT’ it perturbed

    check out how many meteors’ and’ fireballs’ going on, that ‘ are NOT ‘ being discussed , and of cours’e NOT on mainstream media’

    THERE WILL BE MORE AND MORE.

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  7. Countesscarcadius

    Comet showers and Nemesis, the death star
    Authors:
    Hills, J. G.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Los Alamos Scientific Lab., NM.)
    Publication:
    Presented at the Southwest Regional Conf. for Astron. and Astrophys., Los Alamos, N. Mex., 1 May 1984
    Publication Date:
    00/1984
    Category:
    Lunar and Planetary Exploration
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Biosphere, Collisions, Comets, Companion Stars, Disasters, Earth (Planet), Nemesis (Star), Clouds, Dust, Earth Atmosphere, Extinction, Orbits, Paleontology, Periodic Variations
    Bibliographic Code:
    1984STIN…8526575H

    Abstract
    The recently proposed hypothesis that the periodic extinctions of terrestrial species are the result of comet showers catalyzed by a hypothetical distance solar companion, Nemesis, is discussed. The evidence for periodic extinction in paleontological records, effects of comet collisions, and the Nemesis orbit are addressed
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984STIN…8526575H

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  8. Countesscarcadius

    Cometary showers and unseen solar companions
    Authors:
    Weissman, P. R.
    Affiliation:
    AA(California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Earth and Space Sciences Div., Pasadena, CA)
    Publication:
    Nature (ISSN 0028-0836), vol. 312, Nov. 22, 1984, p. 380; Reply, p. 380, 381. (Nature Homepage)
    Publication Date:
    11/1984
    Category:
    Astronomy
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Astronomical Models, Binary Stars, Comets, Companion Stars, Nemesis (Star), Solar System, Cratering, Earth Surface, Extinction, Oort Cloud, Precipitates, Sun
    DOI:
    10.1038/312380a0
    Bibliographic Code:
    1984Natur.312..380W

    Abstract
    The possibility that an invisible solar companion passing through the Oort cloud every 28 Myr precipitates a sufficiently high rate of cometary collisions with the earth to account for periodic mass species extinctions recorded in the fossil record is discussed. A Monte Carlo simulation shows that any hypothesized ‘death star’ with a 28 Myr orbit would experience an average 10 percent change in period per orbit. Production of an 18-fold increase in cometary impacts would be associated with a 0.055 probability that a 10 km nucleus would hit the earth in a shower once every 510 Myr, longer than the proposed extinction periodicity. However, if the death star orbit has a 0.6 eccentricity and the Oort cloud is sufficiently densely populated, a 2 billion comet shower may be possible. A survey of large terrestrial impact craters indicates that 6-12 craters with diameters over 10 km originated in periodic showers. The extinctions in any case occur at 26 Myr periods and cannot be correlated with the 33 Myr period of recrossing the galactic plane, or with any other known phenomena.

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984Natur.312..380W

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  9. Countesscarcadius

    Are periodic mass extinctions driven by a distant solar companion?
    Authors:
    Whitmire, D. P.; Jackson, A. A.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Southwestern Louisiana, University, Lafayette, LA), AB(Computer Sciences Corp., Houston, TX)
    Publication:
    Nature (ISSN 0028-0836), vol. 308, April 19, 1984, p. 713-715. (Nature Homepage)
    Publication Date:
    04/1984
    Category:
    Astronomy; Miscellaneous
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Astronomical Models, Biological Evolution, Companion Stars, Extinction, Nemesis (Star), Solar System, Comets, Dwarf Stars, Mass Distribution, Stellar Mass
    LPI Keywords:
    EARTH, EXTINCTIONS, PERIODICITY, PATTERNS, MODELS, COMPANION STAR, ORBITS, COMETS, OORT CLOUD, PERTURBATIONS, IMPACTS, MASS, DENSITY, CALCULATIONS, ECCENTRICITY, DISTRIBUTION, HYPOTHESES
    DOI:
    10.1038/308713a0
    Bibliographic Code:
    1984Natur.308..713W

    Abstract
    A model in which the 26-Myr mass extinction cycle of Raup and Sepkoski (1984) is associated with the orbital period of a solar companion star is investigated. The required semi-major axis is about 88,000 A.U., or 1.4 light year. Its highly eccentric orbit (e greater than about 0.9) periodically brings the companion into the dense inner region of the comet cloud where it perturbs the orbits of large numbers of comets, initiating an intense comet shower in the solar system which results in several terrestrial impacts of a period of 100,000 to a million years. The companion probably has a mass in the black dwarf range of 0.0002 to 0.07 solar masses, depending on its eccentricity and the density distribution of comets in the inner cloud, and is potentially observable in the infrared.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984Natur.308..713W

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  10. Countesscarcadius

    Evidence for nemesis – A solar companion star
    Authors:
    Muller, Richard A.
    Affiliation:
    AA(California, University, Berkeley)
    Publication:
    IN: The galaxy and the solar system (A87-34101 14-90). Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 1986, p. 387-396. Research supported by the Research Corp.
    Publication Date:
    00/1986
    Category:
    Astrophysics
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Companion Stars, Nemesis (Star), Solar Neighborhood, Extinction, Fourier Transformation, Iridium, Periodic Variations, Stellar Motions, Stellar Orbits
    Bibliographic Code:
    1986gss..conf..387M

    Abstract
    The evidence that the sun has a companion star ‘Nemesis’ responsible for periodic mass extinctions is reviewed. A Gaussian ideogram of the rates of family extinctions in the oceans shows periods of 26 and 30 Myr. Analysis of impact cratering on the earth shows a period of either 28.4 or 30 Myr, depending on the crater selection. Models which attempt to explain these periods with either oscillations through the galactic plane, or through the effects of a tenth planet, are seriously flawed. If the periods seen in the data are real (and not a spurious result of a statistical fluctuation), then the Nemesis hypothesis is the only suggested explanation that has survived close scrutiny. The Nemesis model predicts that the impacts took place during brief storms of several million years duration, perhaps accounting for the extended nature of the mass extinctions. A search for Nemesis is underway at Berkeley.

    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986gss..conf..387M

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  11. Countesscarcadius

    Evolution of the solar system in the presence of a solar companion star
    Authors:
    Hut, Piet
    Affiliation:
    AA(Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ)
    Publication:
    IN: The galaxy and the solar system (A87-34101 14-90). Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona Press, 1986, p. 313-337.
    Publication Date:
    00/1986
    Category:
    Astrophysics
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Comets, Companion Stars, Gravitational Effects, Nemesis (Star), Perturbation Theory, Planetary Evolution, Solar System, Extinction, Interstellar Matter, Periodic Variations, Solar Neighborhood, Stellar Orbits
    Bibliographic Code:
    1986gss..conf..313H

    Abstract
    A review is presented of the dynamical implications of a companion star in a wide orbit around the sun, with a semimajor axis of about half a parsec. The motivation behind the hypothesis of a solar companion star is reviewed briefly along with alternative hypotheses, and the general problem of solar system dynamics with a solar companion star is discussed. Four principal questions are posed and answered concerning the consistency of the solar companion theory in providing the required modulation in comet arrival times: (1) what is the expected lifetime of a solar companion? (2) how stable is the orbital period? (3) does a single perihelion passage of a solar companion perturb enough comets? (4) do repeated perihelion passages of a solar companion perturb too many comets? Some applications outside the solar system involving wide binaries, interstellar clouds, and dark matter in the Galactic disk are discussed, and the viability of the solar companion theory is critically assessed.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986gss..conf..313H

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  12. Countesscarcadius

    ( THEY just put this in again 2016) this says’ VOLUMES’ – Title:
    Periodic mass extinctions and the Planet X model reconsidered
    Authors:
    Whitmire, Daniel P.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Department of Mathematics, The University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA dpwhitmi@uark.edu)
    Publication:
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Volume 455, Issue 1, p.L114-L117 (MNRAS Homepage)
    Publication Date:
    01/2016
    Origin:
    OUP
    Astronomy Keywords:
    astrobiology, comets: general, Kuiper belt: general, Earth
    Abstract Copyright:
    2015 The Author Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
    DOI:
    10.1093/mnrasl/slv157
    Bibliographic Code:
    2016MNRAS.455L.114W

    Abstract
    The 27 Myr period in the fossil extinction record has been confirmed in modern data bases dating back 500 Myr, which is twice the time interval of the original analysis from 30 years ago. The surprising regularity of this period has been used to reject the Nemesis model. A second model based on the Sun’s vertical Galactic oscillations has been challenged on the basis of an inconsistency in period and phasing. The third astronomical model originally proposed to explain the periodicity is the Planet X model in which the period is associated with the perihelion precession of the inclined orbit of a trans-Neptunian planet. Recently, and unrelated to mass extinctions, a trans-Neptunian super-Earth planet has been proposed to explain the observation that the inner Oort cloud objects Sedna and 2012VP113 have perihelia that lie near the ecliptic plane. In this Letter, we reconsider the Planet X model in light of the confluence of the modern palaeontological and outer Solar system dynamical evidence.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MNRAS.455L.114W

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  13. Countesscarcadius

    On the anomalous secular increase of the eccentricity of the orbit of the Moon

    Lorenzo Iorio

    (Submitted on 1 Feb 2011 (v1), last revised 22 Apr 2011 (this version, v6))

    A recent analysis of a Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) data record spanning 38.7 yr revealed an anomalous increase of the eccentricity of the lunar orbit amounting to de/dt_meas = (9 +/- 3) 10^-12 yr^-1. The present-day models of the dissipative phenomena occurring in the interiors of both the Earth and the Moon are not able to explain it. We examine several dynamical effects, not modeled in the data analysis, in the framework of long-range modified models of gravity and of the standard Newtonian/Einsteinian paradigm. It turns out that none of them can accommodate de/dt_meas. Many of them do not even induce long-term changes in e; other models do, instead, yield such an effect, but the resulting magnitudes are in disagreement with de/dt_meas. In particular, the general relativistic gravitomagnetic acceleration of the Moon due to the Earth’s angular momentum has the right order of magnitude, but the resulting Lense-Thirring secular effect for the eccentricity vanishes. A potentially viable Newtonian candidate would be a trans-Plutonian massive object (Planet X/Nemesis/Tyche) since it, actually, would affect e with a non-vanishing long-term variation. On the other hand, the values for the physical and orbital parameters of such a hypothetical body required to obtain the right order of magnitude for de/dt are completely unrealistic. Moreover, they are in neat disagreement with both the most recent theoretical scenarios envisaging the existence of a distant, planetary-sized body and with the model-independent constraints on them dynamically inferred from planetary motions. Thus, the issue of finding a satisfactorily explanation for the anomalous behavior of the Moon’s eccentricity remains open.

    Comments: LaTex2e, 8 pages, 1 table, 1 figure. Matching the version at press in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS)
    Subjects: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc); Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Space Physics (physics.space-ph)
    Journal reference: Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc.415:1266-1275,2011
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18777.x
    Cite as: arXiv:1102.0212 [gr-qc]
    (or arXiv:1102.0212v6 [gr-qc] for this version
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1102.0212

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  14. Countesscarcadius

    Orbital stability of the unseen solar companion linked to periodic extinction events
    Authors:
    Torbett, M. V.; Smoluchowski, R.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC), AB(Texas, University, Austin, TX)
    Publication:
    Nature (ISSN 0028-0836), vol. 311, Oct. 18, 1984, p. 641, 642. (Nature Homepage)
    Publication Date:
    10/1984
    Category:
    Astronomy
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Companion Stars, Extinction, Motion Stability, Nemesis (Star), Orbital Elements, Periodic Variations, Solar System, Astronomical Models, Climatology, Comets, Hydrogen Clouds, Molecular Clouds, Paleobiology
    DOI:
    10.1038/311641a0
    Bibliographic Code:
    1984Natur.311..641T

    Abstract
    Evidence from three-dimensional numerical modelling is presented that only cometary orbits with a limited range in inclination with respect to the galactic plane are formally stable for the length of time required to cause periodic extinction events. The calculations were done using Cowell’s method employing a fourth-order Runge-Kutta integration scheme in an inertial reference frame in orbit about the Galaxy. Tidal perturbations in the radial direction due to the Galaxy and the Coriolis forces are included. The vertical component of the gravitational field of the galactic disk is superimposed on these forces. The results indicate that orbits for Nemesis that are inclined at more than 30 deg to the galactic plane are not allowed and suggests that the search for Nemesis should be concentrated toward the plane of the Galaxy. Perturbations by passing stars or molecular clouds may make even the low-inclination orbits unstable.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984Natur.311..641T

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  15. Countesscarcadius

    On companions and comets
    Authors:
    Kirk, J.
    Affiliation:
    AA(Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik und Astrophysik, Munich, West Germany)
    Publication:
    Nature, vol. 274, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 667-669. (Nature Homepage)
    Publication Date:
    08/1978
    Category:
    Astrophysics; Comets
    Origin:
    STI
    NASA/STI Keywords:
    Comets, Companion Stars, Nemesis (Star), Solar System, Sun, Black Holes (Astronomy), Luminous Intensity, Neutron Stars, Pulsars
    LPI Keywords:
    SUN, COMETS, CLOUDS, ORBITS, ORIGIN, MOTION
    DOI:
    10.1038/274667a0
    Bibliographic Code:
    1978Natur.274..667K

    Abstract
    The orbits of ‘new’ comets are considered with reference to Harrison’s (1977) hypothesis that the sun possesses a companion star in either a bound or an unbound orbit, and an analysis of these orbits excludes the possibility that the hypothetical companion could be in a bound orbit. The hypothesis was suggested in order to explain an anomaly in the distribution on the sky of pulsars which lose speed very slowly. In order to remove the pulsar anomaly the companion would have to produce an acceleration of the barycenter of the solar system. The analysis of the effect of this acceleration on the orbits of the ‘new’ comets rules out the possibility of a bound orbit.
    http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1978Natur.274..667K

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  16. Countesscarcadius

    I have HANDFULS AND HANDFULS’ of ‘ MORE’ documents’ going on about the’ planet’ and /or the Nemesis, perturbing’ COMETS’ asteroids, meteors’ DEBRI’ that causes’ MASS EXTINCTIONS ON PLANET EARTH’ –

    they’ KNOW’ exactly what’s going on,
    there are 44 ERUPTING volcanoes on the planet and another 79 of them on ‘ WARNING’ to erupt or active’

    this……………..is one of the’ biggest threats’ TO MANKIND’ RIGHT NOW’ and nobody seems concerned at all

    there was a river in Mexico yesterday that went through 8 different municipalities’ where there was’ a TREMOR’ and the ground opened up and ‘ SWALLOWED THE’ ENTIRE ‘ RIVER AND IT DISAPPEARED’ overnight’

    THAT WAS THEIR ONLY WATER SOURCE’

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  17. Simon

    Distractions are the elites way of keeping everyone preoccupied for example the Romans had the coliseum,
    now we have much much more Distractions and the dumbing down of a planet.
    there are warning signs everywhere if you turn you phones off and televisions off and listen and open your hearts minds ears and souls you will hear and see.
    the frog in a pan of boiling water comes to mind.
    many will not know anything until it’s to late and all he’ll is unleashed upon God’s beautiful planet that’s been slowy sucked off life for the wealth of a few ancient bloodlines and ancient families
    God bless you all and peace to everyone.

    Liked by 1 person

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